When to Use Rewards in Charitable Crowdfunding

Title: When to Use Rewards in Charitable Crowdfunding

Authors: Stephen Warren:University College Cork; Rob Gleasure:University College Cork;
Philip O’Reilly:University College Cork; Joseph Feller:University College Cork;
Shanping Li:Zheijang University; Jerry Christoforo:State Street Corporation

Abstract: Charitable crowdfunding is an important source of funds for charitable organizations. The offer of tokens or rewards is often used to entice potential donors to donate to a cause. This study investigates when it is beneficial to offer rewards in a charitable crowdfunding campaign. Three design principles are developed from the current literature which aim to help in the creation of a successful crowdfunding campaign. Important factors identified were types of donations a charitable organization usually receives, the groups of donors associated with that organization and the need for one time considerably large donations.

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Sharing Knowledge about Open Source Licenses at DLR

Title: Sharing Knowledge about Open Source Licenses at DLR

Authors: Andreas Schreiber:German Aerospace Center; Carina Haupt:German Aerospace Center

Abstract: In science, more and more software is published as Open Source software or uses Open Source projects. Therefore, scientists must be aware of requirements, restrictions and compatibility issues of Open Source licenses. We describe our strategy at the German Aerospace Center (DLR) to awake the awareness among our domain scientists and to enable and support them in publishing Open Source software, which is free of license issues. We provide hands-on material, offer training courses, and foster knowledge sharing between peer scientists. Findings and feedback prove the usefulness and effectiveness.

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Stick or Twist: Balancing Blockchain Decentralisation and Miner Pooling

Title: Stick or Twist: Balancing Blockchain Decentralisation and Miner Pooling

Authors: David Sheehan:University College Cork; Rob Gleasure:University College Cork;
Joe Feller:University College Cork; Shanping Li:Zheijiang University; Jerry Cristiforo:State Street

Abstract: The Emerging Blockchain technologies have earned substantial attention in the area of Financial Technology in recent years. Its decentralized environment allows for the mining of Bitcoins by miners either independently or in groups. The community of miners have faith in the integrity of each other to sustain the network, through mining pools remaining at a reasonable level of mining power. Blockchain’s decentralized system is one of its main selling points and is a source of great attraction for users. However, when these mining pools start to grow and increase their mining power to dangerous levels it can result in a shift towards a centralized environment. This push goes against foundational principles of Bitcoin, leading to ongoing debate among various stakeholders.

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Managing Risk in Business Centric Crowdfunding Platforms

Title: Managing Risk in Business Centric Crowdfunding Platforms

Authors: Peter Stack:University College Cork; Joe Feller:University College Cork;
Phil O’Reilly:University College Cork; Rob Gleasure:University College Cork;
Shanping Li:Zhejiang University; Jerry Cristoforo:State Street Corporation

Abstract: Crowdfunding is a rapidly growing phenomenon and is becoming a viable alternative to traditional financial institutions for small business fund seekers. Crowdfunding involves harnessing small individual investments from a large number of investors. This paper explores four key risks associated with crowdfunding: Money Laundering, IP Theft, Fraud, and “Failure by Success.” The paper then outlines key research questions for the next stage of the research, which will empirically investigate how crowdfunding platforms self-govern against these risks.

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Open Peer Review CMS Support

Title: Open Peer Review CMS Support

Authors: Oliver Zendel:Austrian Institute of Technology; Matthias Schorghuber:Austrian Institute of Technology; Michela Vignoli:Austrian Institute of Technology

Abstract: Peer reviewing is a crucial step for quality assurance at scientific publishing. The task is time consuming and error-prone due to conflicts of interest, subjective opinions, and different education backgrounds. Open Peer Review (OPR) can solve many of said problems and is already applied to the journal publishing workflow. The poster visualizes the efforts done in the EU project OpenUP to evaluate the usefulness of OPR for conference submissions. Two conference venues will try out specific versions of OPR. The conference management software (CMS) needed to facilitate this process is summarized. The CMS solution HotCRP was chosen among the evaluated options for the pilots. The poster introduces the individual processes of open peer review at the two venues and how this is supported in HotCRP. This shall give conference organizers an insight into what is possible and allow for discussions with the OpenUP team about the selected approaches.

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How is Value Created within an Inner Source Environment?

Title: How is Value Created within an Inner Source Environment?

Author: Noel Carroll:University of Limerick

Abstract: Awareness and indeed adoption of open source practices inside corporate entities, something termed Inner Source, has become quite popular in recent years. However, the majority of research efforts focus on industry-driven Inner Source adoption with little or no conceptual accounts of how value is created and sustained within Inner Source environments. This research-in-progress explains how an Inner Source Capability Maturity Model (IS-CMM) can offer a structure to guide Inner Source strategies and sustaining value co-creation.

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An Author Network to Classify Open Online Discussions

Title: An Author Network to Classify Open Online Discussions

Authors: Mattias Mano:i3-Centre de Recherches en Gestion, Ecole Polytechnique;
Jean-Michel Dalle:University Pierre et Marie Curie;
Joanna Tomasik:Centrale Supelec

Abstract: Among other modalities, online coordination can notably rely on discussions and forums. However, and notwithstanding increasing research efforts, direct approaches that would help communities and moderators distinguish between gossip and serious debates are still largely missing. We present an innovative methodology to detect the different structures of online discussions in the sub-Reddit Change My View. Applying a clustering algorithm to the author networks, we highlight three distinct classes characterized by alternative behaviors. To better understand the underlying social dynamics, we implement a relational event model that provides evidence for three effects whose influence can affect the structure of online discussions.

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Current and alternate approaches to personalization in online learning

Title: Current and alternate approaches to personalization in online learning

Authors: Debora Jeske:University College Cork; Mammed Bagher:Edinburgh Napier University; Nadia Pantidi:University College Cork

Abstract: In the context of distance (online) learning programs, the current paper focuses on two specific goals. First, we outline how personalization based on learning analytics has been implemented in online programs offered by traditional universities, but also providers of MOOCs and virtual institutions. However, this established approach is not without its limitations. Second, we introduce two alternate concepts that may support personalization based on work around readability indices and job crafting. These approaches may also help to address some of the limitations of learning analytics. The emphasis is on how personalization may support the development of individual learning paths that would provide means for both self-pacing and co-construction of the experience. The paper concludes with a review of facilitating and challenging factors for program leaders, online technical staff and designers working in open educational contexts.

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Interpolating Quality Dynamics in Wikipedia and Demonstrating the Keilana Effect

Title: Interpolating Quality Dynamics in Wikipedia and Demonstrating the Keilana Effect

Author: Aaron Halfaker:Wikimedia Foundation

Abstract: For open, volunteer generated content like Wikipedia, quality is a prominent concern. To measure Wikipedia’s quality, researchers have historically relied on expert evaluation or assessments of article quality by Wikipedians themselves. While both of these methods have proven effective for answering many questions about Wikipedia’s quality and processes, they are both problematic: expert evaluation is expensive and Wikipedian quality assessments are sporadic and unpredictable. Studies that explore Wikipedia’s quality level or the processes that result in quality improvements have only examined small snapshots of Wikipedia and often rely on complex propensity models to deal with the unpredictable nature of Wikipedians’ own assessments. In this paper, I describe a method for measuring article quality in Wikipedia historically and at a finer granularity than was previously possible. I use this method to demonstrate an important coverage dynamic in Wikipedia (specifically, articles about women scientists) and offer this method, dataset, and open API to the research community studying Wikipedia quality dynamics.

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The Many Hats and the Broken Binoculars: State of the Practice in Developer Community Management

Title: The Many Hats and the Broken Binoculars: State of the Practice in Developer Community Management

Authors: Hanna Maenpaa:Helsinki University; Fabian Fagerholm:Helsinki University;
Myriam Munezero:Helsinki University; Tommi Mikkonen:Helsinki University

Abstract: Open Source Software developer communities are susceptible to challenges related to volatility, distributed coordination and the interplay between commercial and ideological interests. Here, community managers play a vital role in growing, shepherding, and coordinating the developers’ work. This study investigates the varied tasks that community managers perform to ensure the health and vitality of their communities. We describe the challenges managers face while directing the community and seeking support for their work from the analysis tools provided by state-of-the-art software platforms. Our results describe seven roles that community managers may play, highlighting the versatile and people-centric nature of the community manager’s work. Managers experience hardship of connecting their goals, questions and metrics that define a community’s health and effects of their actions. Our results voice common concerns among community managers, and can be used to help them structure the management activity and to find a theoretical frame for further research on how health of developer communities could be understood.

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